With more and more people now using WordPress to power their websites, spammers are getting better and better at figuring out how to spam the comments feature efficiently. These annoying spam-filled comments usually include links to sites that you definitely don’t want appearing on your own website. Depending on how popular your blog is, you could see hundreds of spam comments a day. This tutorial aims at providing some basic ideas to help you avoid the need to wade through piles of comment spam to find comments actually left by humans.
Moderate All Comments
Moderating all of your comments will absolutely ensure that no spam appears on your site. By choosing to moderate your comments, you will need to sift through the comments each day to find and approve legitimate comments. Although this option will cost you some time, you can fine tune it to make it a bit easier. For example, you can set your WordPress installation to allow comments from repeat commentators. In other words, if you’ve accepted a comment from one person once, the next time they comment, their comment will go through without needing approval. These options are all under Settings > Discussion on your control panel.
Use an Anti-Spam Plugin
If you’d prefer a more automatic option to deal with spam, you can try a variety of plugins from the WordPress community. The Akismet plugin comes with each fresh WordPress installation. However, the terms for using Akismet have changed over the years. If you have any kind of advertising on your blog (for example, an Amazon affiliate link), you must pay at least $5 dollars a month to use the service. Fortunately, there are some other alternatives that you can use instead, including the aptly titled Anti-spam. A quick search on the WordPress plugin site can help you find more plugins to better suit your needs.
Please be aware that Akismet and other plugins will on occasion mark a legitimate comment as spam, so you may want to browse through the spam comments from time to time. Spammers have gotten better with making their spam look legitimate, but it’s still pretty easy to identify true spam, especially if you look at the URL they include in their comments.
Block Repeat Spammers
If you have a troublesome spammer who refuses to give up, it’s easy to blacklist them if they have a pattern to their comments. First, go to Settings and then Discussion. If the spammer is leaving a lot of links, then fill out the option to hold a comment if they leave X number of comments. This will not mark it as spam, however, but it will hold the comment in moderation. You can also scroll down a bit further to the Comment Blacklist form. Here you can put particular words or URLs that will automatically be marked as spam. Maybe you’ve noticed you have a problem with a spammer who is trying to sell you toothbrushes. If you’re not too worried about someone submitting a legitimate comment with the word “toothbrush”, you can simply add “toothbrush” and future comments with that word will automatically be held for moderation.
Pinging Can Bring Spam
When you make a new post on your WordPress blog, you have the option to ping update services to let these websites know about your newest post. Spammers monitor these update lists to find new blogs to unleash their advertisements on. Be cautious about what ping services you choose to use. I suggest using only Pingomatic. This service is run by the creators of WordPress and automatically notifies the other important update services for you. You can also turn this function off completely, but you may lose out on some legitimate visitors as well as the spammers. You can adjust this feature in the Writing settings in your WordPress control panel.
You can also install a CAPTCHA plugin to ensure that only a human reader can leave a comment. CAPTCHAs are garbled images with some blurry text that you must decipher and input to prove you’re a human. Some people strongly dislike CAPTCHA plugins because they often generate images that are hard to read. There are, however, some other kinds of plugins that are less annoying and only ask your visitors to input something simple, such as answering a basic math question. In my opinion, this option is a last resort as some of your visitors may refuse to leave comments because they dislike dealing with CAPTCHA.
Good luck! Comment spam is annoying, but there are many ways to increase your defenses against it.